Medina is a
city in western Saudi Arabia. In the city centre, the vast Al-Masjid an-Nabawi
(Prophet's Mosque) is a major Islamic pilgrimage site. Its striking Green Dome
rises above the tombs of the Prophet Muhammad and early Islamic leaders Abu
Bakr and Umar. The Masjid al-Qiblatain (Qiblatain Mosque) is known as the site
where the Prophet Muhammad received the command to change the direction of
prayer to Mecca. It has a population of 1517501 people.The axes of regional movement link Medina with areas within the Kingdom and with neighboring countries such as: Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Egypt and the Arab Gulf states. The presence of Medina near Mecca enhances the value of its location, as these two holy cities since the dawn of Islam are closely linked to each other.